Click either the group name or its box to toggle those results on or off.
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Remember, what is shown in the chart is the percent of possible points.
To make the chart more readable, the center is set at 50% of the possible points.
If your score on a dimension is lower than that, it will appear only as a number next to the name of the dimension.
Scroll down to read about each dimension.


Research in entrepreneurship has for years shown that – no surprise – women and men are different. The reasons women offer for starting companies differ from the reasons offered by men; the kinds of companies started differ; even the life stage at which people decide to start businesses differs.

For all of these reasons, you began the test by selecting the gender with which you identify, so that we can compare your survey responses to those of people whose gender is appropriate for you. Because you clicked "Female", your responses to the questions have been compared to those of other females, not to people in general.


A Word About Scoring

People are generally confident of their abilities, so their scores on a test like this are normally pretty high. For this reason, to make the results easier to read, in the spider-web diagram the center point is set not at zero, but at 50% of the possible points for each dimension. What is important is the difference between people who are entrepreneurs and people who are not. And for you, personally, the question is whether your scores are closer to those of entrepreneurs, or closer to those of people who are not self-employed.

Our database is a living document – its composition changes whenever there is another national study added, whenever a large group of individuals is added, or over time as more and more people just like you take the test. Thus, the average score on any dimension can be expected to change over time. Your personal results presented as a percentage of the total points available on each dimension are indicated by the grey color in the spider-web diagram.

However, because we believe you would like to know “where you stand” relative to others, we do report in this document the scores (again as a percent of the possible) of the nearly fifteen hundred women who have taken this test. Their results appear in the spider-web diagram as the dataset in purple.

Finally, the percentages of possible points achieved by the female entrepreneurs in the database are shown in blue. Note that entrepreneurs have better scores than other people on every one of these dimensions. As you can see, the absolute differences are small, but each one is statistically significant.

Note: If your score is less than 50% of the possible, your real score appears only next to the title of the dimension; on the chart such a score is a point in the center.

Your Scores

Many of the items included in this particular dimension have a long history – back to the beginnings of the US Panel Studies of Entrepreneurial Dynamics. The items deal with specific actions an entrepreneur might take, as well as your beliefs about the attractiveness of the entrepreneurial role. It is worth noting that both “wanting” and “doing” are needed to create entrepreneurial success.
No matter how effectively we plan, it is still true that "if something can go wrong, it will." We make mistakes, other people make mistakes, and even simple projects can become a lot more complicated than we expected at the beginning. This is especially true if you are building an entrepreneurial company that challenges the status quo. So, it is important to learn from setbacks and bounce back from failure. Resilience is a key factor in ultimate entrepreneurial success.
From the moment you create a company of your own, you are the leader. Your vision for the company and its future is what will attract others to join you. You will need to convince customers of the value of what you offer. You’ll also need to be the company’s chief fund-raiser, obtaining the venture investment that will enable you to succeed. If you are successful in these activities, you will be the one in charge of making the company self-sustaining, then scaling the venture to new heights.
This dimension reflects your overall confidence, your belief that you understand things, and your confidence in your skills and abilities. Entrepreneurs need to have confidence in order to push forward toward their desired goals. Although a high level of confidence is a good thing, overconfidence can lead to problems. It is wonderful to believe that your work is the best there is – as long as other people agree with you.
Words you will not hear from an entrepreneur: “Let’s just do it the way we always have.” Entrepreneurship is about change, improvement, and trying new things. In short, it is all about innovation. The “known” is safe, and the “unknown” carries some risk. But entrepreneurs believe they can take manageable risks to create products and services that are new, better, or completely disruptive of the status quo.
There is an important difference between this dimension and all of the others: on this dimension, lower scores are likely to be associated with successful entrepreneurial performance. Why? Entrepreneurs persist, and believe they can produce change. But the items in this scale measure the opposite. For one thing, this dimension includes items that are on the “negative” end of Duckworth’s GRIT scale (such as easily giving up on what was once a highly desired activity). For another, the dimension also includes items from Dweck’s “fixed” mindset (the belief that people are what they are, and generally cannot change). Of course, both of these views run counter to the beliefs of entrepreneurs, who are willing to persevere to make things better.
Many entrepreneurs would prefer to “work 80 hours a week for myself, rather than 40 hours a week for someone else.” That’s probably a very good thing. A start-up venture doesn’t have a marketing department, a human resources department, a legal department, or a new product development department. You and your co-founders have to cover all of these roles – and more – by yourselves. And it takes diligence to perform all of these tasks successfully.
This dimension is not about impulse control, but rather your desire to control your own destiny. Entrepreneurs need to recognize and exploit the opportunities that arise, and to do so carefully. Although they often seek advice from others, they recognize that it is their choices that will guide the future of the company. If you prefer to leave all the important decisions to others, an entrepreneurial career may not be suitable for you.
For nearly thirty years entrepreneurship researchers have been interested in the reasons people offer for starting new business ventures. This dimension, which contains some items from the US Panel Studies of Entrepreneurial Dynamics, incorporates both personal and financial reasons why people might create a new company. When you look at your scores, it would be helpful for you to think about your own personal goals and the extent to which they can be facilitated by entrepreneurial activity.